Episode notes: Today Ruth talks about the difference between TBI (traumatic brain injury) and stroke... how it’s treated and what can we expect.
Ruth is a stroke survivor sharing tips and advice for rehab, recovery and healthy living including nutrition, exercises, personal care, healing and maintaining a grateful attitude. She can be found online at http://stroke.global or onlineRehabilitation.org were she offers help to stroke survivors and caregivers.
TCM Restoration TCMRestoration.net
Patients With Traumatic Brain Injury- Population-Based Study Suggests Increased Risk of Stroke
Welcome back to the Healthy Life Podcast...as one who worked in the medical community for decades and saw and dealt with TBI and stroke until suffering my own stroke, I know too well the differences between what we’re told and what we’ve experienced. A TBI (traumatic brain injury) is a nondegenerative, noncongenital insult to the brain from an external mechanical force, possibly leading to permanent or temporary impairment of cognitive, physical, and psychosocial functions, with an associated diminished or altered state of consciousness. The important part of that definition is... insult to the brain from an external mechanical force!
TBI and stroke are very similar in there effects and only differences are in the cause of the damage. Now the likelihood of recurrence is dependent upon a number of factors but people who have had a traumatic brain injury face a tenfold increase in the risk of having a stroke within three months, according to a new study.
Traumatic brain injury occurs when a blow or jolt to the head causes changes in a person’s normal brain function.
Although previous research has shown that traumatic brain injury can be associated with the future development of epilepsy, Alzheimer’s disease, and psychiatric conditions, this was the first study to link it to the future risk of stroke. The study appeared in the July 28 online issue of Stroke: Journal of the American Heart Association and I’ve provided the link in the show notes. So the facts remain that regardless of the cause the results and effects are the same.
The signs and symptoms of TBI vary extensively in severity and combinations of domains impacted, depending on the site and extent of injury to the neural substrate. Examples of physical, sensory, neurobehavioral, cognitive-communication, and swallowing effects of TBI are listed below.
Physical effects resulting from TBI include
Visual effects resulting from TBI include
Auditory and/or vestibular effects of TBI include
Neurobehavioral effects resulting from TBI include
Cognition and language are intrinsically and reciprocally related in both development and function. An impairment of language may disrupt one or more cognitive processes, and, similarly, an impairment of one or more cognitive processes may disrupt language. Cognitive-communication effects post-brain injury include difficulty with
Cognitive deficits resulting from TBI include
Along with the typical language comprehension and production deficits associated with co-existing aphasia, individuals with TBI may also present with linguistic deficits in the domains listed below (See aphasia for information related to neurogenic language deficits in adults):
Cognitive control deficits uniquely impact linguistic abilities in bi/multilingual speakers (Ansaldo & Marcotte, 2007), especially in individuals with frontal lobe and subcortical lesions (Price, Green, & von Studnitz, 1999). Difficulty in maintaining output in the target language is strongly influenced by the speaker's premorbid proficiency in the two languages. In addition to the language production errors noted in monolingual speakers, bi/multilingual individuals with acquired brain injury may also demonstrate
Motor Speech Deficits
Motor speech deficits of TBI include
Voice deficits resulting from TBI include
Typically, swallowing disorders in TBI are neurogenic in nature, secondary to cortical or subcortical damage, resulting in oral/pharyngeal sensory disorders and/or motor deficits (e.g., weakness or paralysis of oropharyngeal musculature, oral apraxia). Cognitive impairments, such as poor memory, reduced insight, limited attention, impulsivity, and agitation, in TBI survivors may affect swallowing and increase aspiration risk.
Well that’s quite a list... does any of that sound similar... it should! The cause of brain injury can be mechanical or environmental but the changes and challenges are the same. All of us saw a rapid change and we all need to heal and fight to become ourselves again.
Well it’s time to close for today...Thanks so much for joining me and remember to visit the stroke.global ( “onlinerehabilitation.org” ) web site often and give us your feedback! I also hope you’ll join me Next week...
As always it’s an honor and a pleasure sharing with you today.... thank you! I pray that you’ve enjoyed this podcast... we keep it brief so it’s easy to add to your day... we are on iTunes, Spreaker, & Google Play and have links on our stroke.global page... please subscribe it boosts us in the ratings and helps us rise in the ranks so we can continue these stroke survivor podcasts.
As always we want to thank our sponsor TCM Restoration for helping us by making this podcast possible. Check them out online at tcmrestoration.net
And thank you again for listening... Please feel free to share this podcast with others, offer your feedback and questions, and follow us online at our website stroke.global or on our Facebook page. Well...this is Rehab Ruthie...hoping you’ll join us next week as we continue in our adventure!